From Eastern perspectives, however, the ego is a social fiction. Another crucial area of comparison for eastern and western philosophy is innate morality. People frequently overestimate the extent to which others are paying attention to them and accurately understand their true intentions in public situations. Abstract. Self-Liberation Behavioural Ethics The Main Principles of Western Philosophy are: Feeling oneself as an element of the Divine Life is service (to God, money etc) Linear view of the universe and life, everything has a beginning and an end Self-dedication to the goal Eastern Philosopher: AND EASTERNTHOUGHT LESSON OBJECTIVES. In contrast to the metaphysical, epistemological and psychological understandings of the self traditionally held and today still extensively considered in the West, the self in Confucianism is essentially an ethical concept, representing a holistic view of humanhood and a continuingly constructive process driven by self‐cultivation and moral orientations. 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. understanding the self The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. Not all Chinese (or Westerners) think this way, but these are observed tendencies.. Western and Eastern Educational Philosophies Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Buddhism, by contrast, recognized no substance and saw reality not in terms of things but in chencam000. Reviewed by Ruth Hagengruber, University of Paderborn, Germany This book presents a courageous analysis of the philosophical concept of the self and its marked influence on Western history and civilisation. There are cultural differences in self-consciousness: public self-consciousness may be higher in Eastern than in Western cultures. In Western society, the individual rules. In the West, the ego (regardless of the various ways in which theorists define it) is seen as central to identity and personality. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. Two philosophers Plato for the west and Wang Yangming for the east discuss this fundamental topic. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. Ulrich Steinvorth, Rethinking the Western Understanding of the Self, Cambridge UP, 2009, 222pp., $26.99 (pbk) ISBN 9780521757072. Similarities and differences in society. Yozan Dirk Mosig University of Nebraska at Kearney Abstract The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. The Individual. Write. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. In other words, it assumes that we humans are… We in the West are quite concerned these days with how to make the dharma authentically Western. PLAY. Heraclitus), in early Western philosophy a static view of reality was taken, with substance as the carrier of properties and the basis for identity of the self. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. Both western and eastern philosophy has lots of simliarities too. In Western psychology, this idea of the Self is directly connected with the ego, and most therapeutic interventions work to strengthen the ego as low self-esteem is corrected (Michalon, 2001). The world is becoming smaller and more united demands are made more unifying be it the life we live, values we emulate, and education we pursue. Start studying LESSON 5: THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT. Comparison of Western and Oriental Thought is a book written by Sierran sociologist Mark Culler and published in 1904 which has been identified as the most influential book in Sierra, and one of the most important sociological books in the 20th century. Alan Watts, the late British philosopher, proposed that there were two great myths of the self—myth here not used in the sense of something false, but rather as a way of interpreting oneself and one’s reality. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. • Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Before we start inventing a new flavor of Buddhism to suit Western palettes, it is important to look closely at the implicit assumptions we are bringing to this project. In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives Derek C. Wolter Oglethorpe University, dwolter@oglethorpe.edu Follow this and additional works at:https://digitalcommons.kennesaw.edu/ojur Part of theComparative Methodologies and Theories Commons,Religious Thought, Theology 2 With notable exceptions (e.g. Whereas in the West the self is understood primarily as an autonomous ego whose existence is distinct from that of others, in the East, it is often argued there is no meaning of self that is independent of our relations to others. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. And to provide you with relevant advertising Western societies: the self in Western and Eastern Philosophies... Work of Freud, Jung, and other study tools seen in modern the self in western and eastern thought despite... Heavily stereotyped, generalized, and other study tools, despite globalization and unifying influences them and accurately their. 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