One of his principles was the relationship between function, form and craftsmanship. Of classical origin, It has been used extensively as carved decoration on furniture. Cross-member Horizontal, supporting rail. VVargueno or bargueno Spanish writing and storage desk dating from the sixteenth century, and consisting of a square or rectangular top, the flap-front of which conceals drawers. Pietre dure Form of decorative work using a variety of semiprecious stones perfected in Italy c.1600; if only a single type of stone is used, it is correctly called pietra dura. Often used on chair-back and applied on panels. What Is Vintage Furniture? The sofa is the setting for midday naps and lazy weekends, movie nights and catch-ups with old friends. Grotesque Fanciful decoration comprising a combination of foliage, urns, animals, mythical creature, etc. PPad foot Club foot resting on an integral disc. Trefoil Form of Gothic ornament in the shape of three symmetrical leaves. It’s unlikely that real antique furniture is made with the same type of wood throughout. Crossbanding Thin strips of decorative cross-grained veneer. Anthemion Decorative motif of Greek origin, the radiating pattern of which resembles the honeysuckle flower and leaves. These objects are usually kept in a house or other building to make it suitable or comfortable for living or working in. An antique sofa may be very finely carved but should still show signs of being handmade. Much use of contrasting encaustic colour. Highboy Tall chest made up of a chest-of-drawers set on a lowboy, sometimes standing on cabriole legs. Even though the early chesterfields were upholstered in leather, now they are also available in fabrics like velvet. KKey pattern Repeating motif of straight lines, usually at right angles, derived from classical Greek architecture; became a much-used border ornament. Popular Neoclassical form in Europe and America.L. The top is often flap-fronted to provide a large writing surface when open. Often used to refer to bronze furniture mounts enhanced by mercury-gilding. Volute An ornamental form of spiral scroll adopted from Ionic capitals in Greek architecture. Even though it comes under the wider category of a chaise longue, there is one main distinguishing factor – the arched back on one side. Cornice Highest part of three principal members of the entablature. Known to have existed in ancient Egypt, Green and Rome, this chair enjoyed a medieval revival as well as providing a popular prototype for the eighteenth-and nineteenth-century classical revivals. All antique furniture reflects a style--what was in vogue during a well-defined historical time period. Reeding Parallel, convex reed moulding derived from decoration used on classical columns. Often found on Queen Anne furniture. Throughout the ages, accommodating furniture makers have developed pieces for daytime repose, including récamiers, chaise longues, and fainting couches. EEbenistes Furnture maker who specializes in the art of veneering. Lopers Poles, normally rectangular, which could be pulled out from the sides of a cabinet to support the flap-top of desks. It is a great choice for smaller apartments where you might not have enough space to accommodate an extra guest bed. This differs from marquetry which uses applied veneers, not sole pieces of wood. Enjoy our 13 Iconic Designer Chairs You Should Know piece and see if you already know them all. In America, known as a tilt-top. Case Furniture which proved storage space, as opposed to seat furniture. The neatly trimmed shape keeps it formal. Lacquer Oriental varnish made from tree gum. Scotia Semicircular concave moulding. Different types of turning are created by altering the pressure of the lathe. Fine antique dealers consider objects 150 years and older to be antique. If you’re thinking of looking for more sofas out there, Amazon actually has a good selection so don’t forget to check it out and see if they have what you’re looking for. Linenfold Form of carving which imitated vertical folds of drapery. Sometimes glued or held firm by a wooden dowel. Rocaille Rococo form of decoration characteristic of the genre pittoresque using abstract shell-and rockwork in its design.S. Escutcheon Metal plate fitted around a keyhole for protection and decoration. Stile Upright supporting post on a piece of furniture. Also known as a squirrel, this device was particularly popular on English and American. Drawers open on one side, with sham-fronted ones on the other. Claw-and-ball foot Foot of Oriental origin composed of talons holding a ball; dragon’s claw replaced by eagle’s claw in Europe. The arms are also lower than the back. Understanding the basics of sofa construction can make you a shrewd judge of sofa quality. The back and arms are the same height, and tufted. This type of carving was often used in early period and early Georgian furniture. Base often contains drawers. Cavetto moulding Concave moulding, a quarter circle in cross-section, also known as hollow chamfering; opposite of ovolo moulding. There has been a debate over what an antique is for years. That old couch from your great-grandmother's estate may not seem all that special, but if you're using it, you could be sitting on a small fortune. Very fashionable from the late seventeenth century. Commode French form of low chest-of-drawers, originally intended for the drawing-room, dating from the mid-seventeenth century and very popular during the eighteenth century. Knowing how to identify each main part and its variations can help you describe the sofa you want to a salesperson or designer. Become aware of what to look for, and develop a trained eye. Bantam work Incised lacquer work named after Bantam, a province of Dutch Java, and commonly found on Dutch and English furniture. So next time you go out shopping for one, you’ll know exactly what you’re looking for! XX-frame chair An X-shaped, often folding, structure was used to support this type of chair or stool, also called a cucurule. Applied decoration Decoration, normally carved, laid onto the surface of a piece of furniture. Amphora Classical two-handled storage jar later adopted as a neoclassical decorative motif. Shapes of furniture from this style tend to be more rectangular. Used since sixteenth century. Used in cheaper furniture. They are perfect for a formal room to impress your guests, or a luxurious library to read in style. Breakfront, or broken front Furniture in which the front line is interrupted. Its signature design element is a back comprised of pillows separate from the frame.. Our team creates original content, from home tours to DIYs each piece is created especially for NONAGON.style readers. Canterbury Mid-eighteenth-century low supper trolley more commonly known in its late-eighteenth-and nineteenth-century form; a stand with vertical compartments to hold sheet music. Valuable woods such as mahogany, rosewood, walnut and satinwood were used to cover a cheaper carcase, often at the same time concealing construction detail. These two person sofas are fabulous for so many reasons. You can use it casually like a chaise to add a whole lot of style to your home. The arms are also rolled outward to create a luxurious look and provide comfort while seated. Not yet found what you’re looking for? Antique couches come in some broad categories, and you will have a good chance of finding the right style to suit your home’s ambiance. The whole piece rests on an open or cupboard-like stand. The tuxedo sofa is characterized by a clean geometric shape, more like a box, and with arms the same height as the back. An acanthus is a leafy carved ornament in the top of the columns of the Corinthian. Secretaire Eighteenth-century desk with drawers hidden by the writing surface. Monopodium Classical pedestal support composed of an animal head and a single leg; widely used in the early nineteenth century. For example, the fainting couch -- also known as the chaise lounge-- makes an inspiring addition to a master bedroom when placed between a pair of windows.The fainting couch allowed tightly corseted woman a moment of reprieve when needed. Buffet Side-or serving-table used from medieval times. Paintbrush foot American term for Spanish foot. In England and America, known as a secretary. The antique furniture pieces reflect the style and features of the time they were made; this can be called the antique's "period" (Eduardian, Tudor, Colonial, etc.). Geographic origin: England. The most widely recognized type of Shaker chair would be a slat-back side chair or the famous Shaker rocking chair. Secretaire a abattant Tall French writing-desk, the top part of which resembles an armoire, having a door at its base. Vitrine Glass-fronted cabinet which stood independently or on a stand and was used to display china, silver and curios; normally nineteenth century. Much used in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, it enjoyed a revival in Victorian England. The reason they are called loveseats is due to the intimacy they provide for the two people sitting on them. AAcanthus: Ornament representing stylized form of thick, scallop-edged Acanthus spinosus leaf. A popular and influential cabinet and chair maker from England, Chippendale produced mid-Georgian and English Rococo styles right up to the end of the 18th century. Hadley chest Often elaborately carved rectangular dowry chest consisting of a set of drawers surmounted by a lidded chest. 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